/What is Agile Project Management
Agile Project Management

What is Agile Project Management

A project is a proposed program of work. It has a definitive period. Projects have objectives and must be performed in a fixed time period and budget. Different methodologies have been used for project management. Agile Project Management is one of them, which can be used for software development. This method was developed to overcome the defects in the Waterfall method. In 1970, a computer scientist, Winston Royce, described the stages of the waterfall methodology.

The key steps of the Waterfall methodology are as follows.

  1. Requirements
  2. Design
  3. Development
  4. Integration
  5. Testing
  6. Deployment

On Waterfall projects, you proceed to the next stage only when the previous one is finished. Therefore it is called the waterfall strategy. Historical procedures of project management like waterfall strategy have been developed not for modern projects, such as software application development; however, they can be used for other projects.

Waterfall Methodology

What is Agile Project Management

You can observe how every stage of a waterfall project is dependent on the prior one. Teams develop all features together, which means that you do not have the highest-priority feature until you’ve completed the lowest-priority one. The customer must wait till the end of the job to get the final product.

In the testing stage of a waterfall strategy, the clients can see their product. At the time, effort and investment are massive, and the chance of failure is relatively high. Finding bugs and correcting them is very difficult at this stage.

Agile Project management says the steps of how software development needs to be carried out. Employing agile methods, you create, test, and launch groups of products in iterative cycles.

Agile Project Management Process

The objective of Agile is to create shorter cycles and release products more frequently. This shorter period allows the project teams to respond to the client’s needs more efficiently.

It is possible to use different Agile frameworks like Scrum and Kanban. Both Agile methodologies follow the same process. The process may include,

  1. Project planning

Project planning includes defining the project scope and the programme. Like other projects, the Project team should understand the goal, the significance of the customer, and the way it’s going to be achieved. The project scope can be changed in these projects.

  1. Product roadmap creation

Roadmap consists of a list of features that create the final product. This is an essential part because the project team will achieve those features during the sprint. The project team also create a product backlog, which lists deliverables. These features are achieved in the final product. Tasks are assigned to team members using these backlogs.

  1. Release planning

There is an implementation date that comes after the whole project is finished in waterfall Project management. But shorter development cycles are used in Agile Project Management. Different features are released at the end of each process.  Usually, project teams plan, achieving features, and timeline before starting the project.

  1. Sprint planning

Before every sprint starts, the stakeholders hold a sprint planning meeting. Expected outcomes, work programme, and evaluation criteria are discussed in this meeting Most of the time, the workload is shared evenly. Team members share their plans to improve the team process and eliminate bottlenecks.

  1. Daily stand-ups

Short daily stand up meeting are scheduled to identify the change requirements. Other team members comment on other work processes at this meeting.  People can use this meeting to solve their technical problems with the help of others. Every member speaks about the previous day’s achievements and future work plans during this meeting. These meetings ought to be just 15 minutes. They aren’t supposed to have general discussions.

  1. Sprint review

At the end of each sprint, team members have two different meetings. One meeting is held to review the sprint together with the project stakeholders. Stakeholders comment on the progress and required changes in this meeting. This is significant in maintaining open communication with stakeholders. The second meeting is a sprint reviewing meeting. This is organized to discuss further developments in the coming sprint.

Advantages of Agile Project Management

Agile Project Management strategy has many advantages. The following paragraph describes the benefits for executives, customers, and project team.

Executives

Agile project management provides attractive benefits for managers—this helps to improve efficiency and quick return.

Efficiency

Agile practice improves efficiency by:

  • Agile development teams are very successful. They focus on development and organize their selves.
  • Minimize non-productive efforts. The main focus of the work is development.
  • Use simple timelines, graphs, and diagrams. This will help to project progress and remaining works at a glance.
  • Continuous testing is used to identify and correct errors quickly.

Increased ROI opportunity

The agile approach significantly improves returns for the following reasons:

  • The product comes to the market faster. Some features are completed and then release, instead of waiting for 100% completed work at once.
  • The quality of the product is better. The scope of development is divided into manageable sections that are continuously tested and verified.
  • Sales opportunities can be accelerated. Versions of products are released earlier than traditional project management methods.
  • Projects can finance themselves. Publishing middle products can generate revenue while further development ongoing.

Product development and customers

Customers prefer Agile projects because they can adapt to changing needs and produce better quality products.

Improved adaptation to change

Changing product demand, priorities, schedule, and budget can have a significant impact on traditional projects. But these types of changes may help to have a better product in the Agile process.

  • Agile projects increase customer satisfaction and return on investment.
  • Changes can be incorporated steadily and smoothly into the product.

The necessary changes are added to the list of features based on priority, with lower priority items added down the list. Finally, the product owner decides when the project ends. Because the development team first develops products with the highest value, and the product owner controls the priority. The product owner makes sure that business priorities are in line with the developer’s works.

Management

Agile projects maintain better product quality and reduce time and effort wastage.

Higher quality

In software development, you can incorporate test-driven development techniques, continuous integration, and frequent feedback to help develop a better quality product.

Less product and process waste

In agile projects, wasted time and effort can be reduced through a number of strategies, including:

  • Just-in-Time Preparation (JIT): Focus on the current priority requirements, no time to work through the details of the features that have low priority.
  • Customers and Stakeholders Involvement: Customers and other stakeholders can provide feedback on each iteration, and the development team will incorporate that feedback into the project. As the project and feedback continue, the value of the client increases.
  • Face to face conversation: Faster and more precise communication. This also saves time and confusion.
  • Integrated lever for change: only essential functions are developed.
  • Emphasis on displaying a useful function: If a part does not work, it is soon detected at a lower cost.

Development teams

With agile approaches, development teams can do their best work under the right conditions.

  • Clear definition of success by jointly defining goals and acceptance criteria.
  • Feedback from customers when they need to add value
  • The sustainable pace of work
  • A learning culture that supports personal and project development
  • Minimizes the underdevelopment time
  • Under the previous conditions, the development team grows faster and delivers results.

Four Values of Agile

The Agile process was created based on experience. The below section describes the Four Values of Agile.

Four Values of Agile

1. Individuals and interactions over processes and tools

When you allow every individual to contribute their unique value to a job, the outcome can be more powerful.

  • Members focus on solving matters, and the coordinated programme can emerge.
  • The arrangements that come through these processes are more superficial than traditional ones.
  • A simple conversation can solve several issues related to the project in a short time.
  • Attempting to follow the direct conversation using email, spreadsheets, and documents lead to significant overhead expenses and delays.
  • But here, team members must have the capacity to involve and solve the problems.

2. Working software over comprehensive documentation

A Development group’s focus should be on improving the progress. On agile jobs, the only method to quantify whether you are completed with a product demand is to create the working product with a specific requirement.

Have you ever been to a progress meeting in which you reported that say, 75 percent done with your project?

What would occur client informed you, “We ran out of cash. Could we have our partly completed project today” On a conventional project, you would not have any operating applications to provide the client –”80 percent done” typically means you are 80% in advancement and 0% completed. On an agile project using the definition of completed, you would have completed the highest-priority 80 % of demands.

3. Customer collaboration over contract negotiation

Historical Project management procedures involve clients at three essential points:

Start of a Project: The customer, along with the manager — negotiate contract details.

Any Moment the scope varies throughout the project: When the customer, along with the manager, negotiate modifications to the contract. End of a Project: once the project team supplies a finished product to the client. If the product does not fulfill the client’s requirements, then the manager and the client negotiate modifications to the contract. This historical focus on discussion discourages client input, But customer alliances are highly appreciated in Agile projects.

4. Responding to change over following a plan

Change is a useful tool for producing great products. Project teams that could react quickly to clients can come up with valuable products. Unfortunately, traditional approaches to project management attempt to overcome the horror of change and pin it to the ground.

Traditional project teams often follow the plan blindly and miss opportunities to develop more valuable products.

12 Principles of Agile

Agile principles of customer satisfaction

12 Principles of Agile

Agile Approaches concentrate on client’s satisfaction. In the end, the client is the main reason behind the development of the product.

Among the 12 principles, principles 1,2,3 and 4 stand for customer satisfaction.

  • 1. Greatest priority is to meet the customer’s requirements through early and continuous delivery.
  • 2. Consider changing needs, even late in development.
  • 3. Deliver working software in a shorter timescale.
  • 4. Both Business people and developers work together

How can you reevaluate those principles?

Agile project teams incorporate a product owner. The product owner is responsible for including customer requirements for the product.

The product owner prioritizes product characteristics. This will help to identify business risk and implementing sequence. The development team incorporates the essential features in developing cycles, called iterations.

The product Owner explains requirements and, provide guidance and comments, and immediately answer the questions that pop up throughout the project. Delivery of intermediate products makes it possible for the product owner and the client to have a complete understanding of the way the product is developing. The client is updated significance for their investment regularly by ready-to-use products throughout the job.

Agile principles of quality

An Agile project team contributes to creating quality in every item. Every member contributes their best work. Principles 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 12 stands for quality.

  • 1. Greatest priority is to meet the customer’s requirement for continuous delivery of the programme.
  • 3. Deliver working software in a shorter timescale.
  • 4. Both Business people and developers work together
  • 6. The most effective way of distributing information within a group is face-to-face interviews.
  • 7. Working software is the key measure of improvement.
  • 8. Agile processes promote sustainable growth.
  • 9. Continuous attention to technical excellence.
  • 12. Team review their works and change work behavior.

All these Principles can be described as follows:

The Development group members should have ownership and be permitted to address problems. They take responsibility for deciding on how to make the product and coordinating product development. With Software Development jobs, an agile approach requires architectures that make product modular. The plan should address the current issues and make changes as easy as possible.

When the team completes features, the team presents the product performance to the product owner. The product owner comments on the satisfaction of requirements. This review session should occur in each iteration; it is better to have it on the same day on which development of the requirement has been finished.

Testing does not only happen at the end of an iteration. It is an ongoing process and happens throughout the day

On applications Projects, assessing the new code and analyzing it after incorporates previous versions happens in tiny increments and might occur a number of times a day. This process helps to guarantee that the solution continues to function when a new code is added to the current codebase.

Agile principles of teamwork

Teamwork is essential in agile projects. Creating products requires collaboration among all the team members, including clients and stakeholders. Agile methods encourage teamwork.

Principles 4, 5, 6, 8, 11, and 12 stands for teamwork. Business people and developers work together. Build projects around motivated people. Give them the support they require and encourage them to complete the work.

  • 4. Both Business people and developers work together
  • 5. Build projects around motivated people. Give them the support they require and encourage them to complete the work.
  • 6. The most effective way of distributing information within a group is face-to-face interviews.
  • 8. Agile processes promote sustainable growth
  • 11. The best architectures, requirements, and designs emerge from self-organizing teams.
  • 12. Team review their works and change work behavior.

Agile principles of project management

An iterative approach concentrates on preparation and Executing the work to create the ideal product which can be published.  The method is encouraged by communicating publicly, preventing distractions and wasteful activities, and ensuring the advancement of the project is clear to everybody.

Principles 2, 8, and 10 stands for project management.

  • 2. Consider changing requirements, even late in development.
  • 8. Agile processes promote sustainable growth.
  • 10. The art of maximizing the amount of work not done

Following are some advantages of embracing

Agile project groups achieve faster time-to-market. They start development sooner than in traditional approaches because agile approaches decrease the in-depth upfront planning and documentation that is conventionally part of the first phases of a waterfall task. 

Agile development teams are self-organizing, along with self-managing.  The managerial effort is usually placed into informing developers on how to do their job, removing impediments, and organizational distractions that slow down the improvement group.

An agile process asks, “What’s the minimum we can do in order to achieve the aim?”  Instead of focusing on adding all the features.  An agile approach generally means rearrangement: hardly adequate confirmation, removal Of unnecessary encounters, avoidance of inefficient communication, and not as much coding.

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